5 Essential Elements For red brand canners hbr case solution

The nursing bottle pictured into the speedy still left lying on its side is regular of one of many more prevalent nursing bottle designs of which there have been a lot of hundreds of various versions generated in the course of the last fifty percent on the nineteenth century into the center of the next decade of your 20th century.  Most day from amongst 1870 to 1910.  They can be often called "turtle" nursing bottles by collectors; a "standing turtle" should they stood upright (Ostrander 1984).  These varieties generally held 8 ounces (occasionally approximately 16 oz.

Mouth-blown illustrations with J D S  on the base date from no earlier than about 1878 and as late as being the early to mid 1910s.

The pictured case in point to the proper is really an EXCELSIOR 50 percent gallon jar which was made by the Excelsior Glass Performs (Pittsburgh, PA.) in company from 1859 to 1886 (Creswick 1987).  Click the subsequent inbound links For additional photographs of the jar:  check out of the ground rim and threaded finish; view of all the EXCELSIOR fruit jar demonstrating the lack of an abrupt shoulder ledge that typical Mason jars in the interval utilized as the sealing surface.

Capers bottles are uniquely shaped in that all the subtle variants of acknowledged capers bottles pointed out with the creator have 8 non-symmetrical sides, 4 of that are the equally slender and inwardly rounded (concave) "corners" which link the opposite 4 wider sides which are frequently of two different widths (i.e., most bottles have an All round rectangular cross-area).  Some capers did have equal widths for the four main physique panels making them square in overall body cross-segment; these capers bottles were being called a "sq. caper" in glass maker catalogs.  However, the most typical cross-segment conformation is modestly rectangular (foundation instance over).  These were being called the "flat caper" by bottle makers and had two reverse broad sides that were a bit wider than another other two reverse wide sides (Illinois Glass Firm 1903).

The tall, narrow bottle pictured to the right represents a quite common olive bottle design that appears to obtain originated while in the quite early 1900s - or probably late 1890s - and was popular via at the least the early 1930s.  It was referred to by bottle makers as the "New York Style Olive," "Chicago Cylinder Olive," or even more generically as "Footed Cylinder Olive" and came in several dimensions (as numerous as 14 sizes!) from about 3 oz. to more than 28 oz. (Illinois Glass Co. 1906; Kearns-Gorsuch 1916).  The footed olive fashion is typified by staying tall and narrow (four+ instances taller than the diameter), possessing a slight while visibly flaring heel, and a distinct constriction ridge or shoulder in the subtle transition from the body towards the neck; see picture on the still left.

e., ease of manufacture, impermeability for the atmosphere, and inert in connection with just about all food merchandise contained within just imparting no "off" flavors (Bender 1986; Jones 1993).  (Note: Bender [1986] contains an outstanding while succinct overview of early nineteenth century food items preservation efforts, although the e book is largely dedicated to the most important closures used by the glass packing business in the initially half from the twentieth century.)

- This rather early (1860s to 1870s), ball neck extract bottle was possibly used by a Western American (probable San Francisco) enterprise as these bottles seem to be discovered only from the West; this example was excavated in Portland, Oregon (empirical observations).  It really is 4.eight" tall, features a early crudely tooled "prescription" end and blown in a very cup-base mold (each in keeping with lesser bottles obtaining these attributes before than more substantial bottles), an absence of mold air venting and Over-all crudeness commensurate with the reasonably early manufacture.

  The latter will likely be impossible Unless of course the example has the first labels or is embossed, a exceptional prevalence.  Most of the time, the relationship of such type bottles dependant on producing associated diagnostic attributes follows fairly very well the tips offered through this Web-site and summarized about the Bottle Relationship web page; see that site To learn more.

The ball neck panel (and related) types have been The standard form for flavoring extracts from no less than the mid to late 1860s into at the very least the nineteen fifties - nicely in the machine-manufactured era (Whitall Tatum & Co. 1879, 1896, 1909; Obear-Nester Glass Co. 1922; Lucas County Bottle Co. ca. 1940; Knox Glass fifties; empirical observations).  The ball neck extract bottle was not solely useful for flavoring extracts only since the design and style was also employed for medicinal solutions, hair dyes, furnishings polish, cologne, and undoubtedly many other merchandise.  In truth, the ball neck panel bottle was generally mentioned with or close to the prescription druggist and patent medicinal variety bottles in glass maker catalogs and was definitely made use of frequently for medicines (Whitall Tatum & Co.

Equally as cylindrical bottles had been the dominant method of milk bottle in the initial 50 % from the 20th century, the most typical condition for milk bottles created over the past 50 percent of your 20th century (an period not particularly included by this Site) were being bottles which have been square or rectangular in cross-area.  Despite the fact that sq. bottles have been likely used for milk bottling as early as 1898 (mouth-blown), when among the list of 1st patents for these kinds of was granted, sq. and rectangular milk bottles did not grow to be well-liked with dairies or milk bottlers - with the 1 insignificant exception talked over down below - until eventually the mid-forties (Gallagher & Munsey 1969; Giarde 1989; Tutton 1997; Schulz et al.

  These significant bottles with their makers mark (I. G. Co.) on the base are famous from the creator although the pictured illustration does not have foundation markings and was probable created by An additional glass enterprise.

Although the assortment of different formed glass containers used for meals items was rather in depth, numerous lessons of foods bottles and jars do share a couple attributes in frequent.  Specifically, bottles/jars supposed for cumbersome solid foods goods (like preserved pickles, olives, fruits, etc.) had to possess a relatively huge mouth (bore) in order to the facilitate the packing and extraction of those goods.  (This is obvious within the mid-19th century "cathedral" pickle bottle pictured to the above remaining.)  Some liquid foods containers like milk bottles (example to the appropriate) also Look At This had reasonably vast mouths for overall simplicity of use (and cleaning for re-use) however other far more liquid food stuff merchandise (oil, sauces) labored rather perfectly with narrow mouth bottles.

) in enterprise from 1918 to 1930, even though they utilised that mark from 1925 to 1930 (Toulouse 1971; Lockhart et al. 2009b).  This bottle reveals that using manganese dioxide to decolorize glass - The key reason why to the pink tint - ongoing until finally no less than the late twenties at some glass firms.  Click the subsequent hyperlinks to perspective a lot more illustrations or photos of this bottle:  base check out showing the attention-grabbing makers mark; near-up of the shoulder and finish (no genuine neck) showing the lug variety exterior screw threads.

Zumwalt (1980) has images of several of those distinctive eight-sided bottles labeled for a range of different spices which include thyme, cloves, cinnamon, marjoram, together with mustard which happens to be much more of the condiment.  The Steamship Bertrand which sank during the Missouri River in April 1865 contained bottles of this exact same condition with first labels and packing crates indicating that they contained floor pepper with references about the label to other spices that the organization built - and likely bottled in this kind glass container - like cinnamon, mace, and white pepper (Switzer 1974).

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